A Brief History of Riverside Avenue

The following provides supplementary information for a walking tour of Marinette’s historic Riverside Avenue. It focuses on the development of the city and the residents of Riverside Avenue in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The information below begins with the house at 1851 Riverside and proceeds upriver to the Hattie Street bridge. The return leg of the tour includes information on the monuments along the river, followed by the Stephenson Public Library and ending at the Best Western Riverfront Inn (adjacent to 1851 Riverside).

(Note: Click any picture below for a larger version of the image)

Overview –

Beginning in the 1880s, the region between Hall Avenue and the Menominee River (west of the downtown) became the site of some of the more fashionable residences in Marinette. Until 1890, most residential streets were built paralleling Main Street east of the downtown. Those streets were located near the sawmills and were populated primarily by sawmill laborers. The affluent members of the emerging business and professional community built their homes west of the downtown. Riverside Avenue (originally part of Main Street, renamed River Street by 1887, and Riverside Avenue by 1895) was the most affluent street in this new area and is composed of the residences of many of the most prominent individuals in the history of Marinette. Residences found in this neighborhood reflect popular architectural trends of the time unlike the vernacular houses found throughout the city. Marinette’s legacy as a late-nineteenth century lumber boom town remains with us today.

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1851 Riverside, today

Address:  1851 Riverside

Built:  Prior to 1881 (c. 1875)

Style:  Vernacular

Marinette’s first city directory was published in 1885 and predates the use of house numbers for addresses by a number of years. As such, it is difficult to say with certainty when some of Marinette’s oldest buildings were constructed and who lived in them prior to 1885.  This house, although modified over the years, is shown in the 1881 Bird’s Eye View of Marinette (available at the bottom of this page). In 1887 this house was purchased by Isaac Stephenson, a prominent local businessman who made a fortune in the lumber industry, as a wedding gift for his fourth and youngest daughter (of Isaac Stephenson’s first wife) Ella. Ella Stephenson, for whom nearby Ella Court is named, married William H. George on November 2, 1887, at the mansion of Isaac Stephenson. William George, a native of Calumet, Michigan, had been employed at the Marinette Iron Works before founding his own abstract business. The local newspaper reported that this house, purchased by the bride’s father as a wedding gift, was the former Methodist parsonage (in 1881 a Methodist church was located at the corner of what is now Stephenson Street and Ella Court, a short distance behind this house).

1851 Riverside

1851 Riverside, c. 1900

Ella, William, and their son, Howard Stephenson George (b. 1888), lived here until 1897 when Isaac Stephenson purchased the house next door, 1857 Riverside, as a gift for his daughter and son-in-law. 1851 Riverside was then purchased by Dr. Fred G. Colter, a leading physician and surgeon in Marinette. Dr. Colter resided here until  sometime between 1913 and 1920, at which time his brother, Dr. Roy B. Colter, a prominent local dentist, made the house his home. Dr. Roy Colter continued to live here until his death in 1949. Dr. Roy and his wife, Lillian (nee Lindem), had a daughter, Margaret. Margaret Colter grew up in the house and, in time, became the maternal grandmother of Hollywood actress Winona Ryder.

In later years, noted local theatre director Herb Williams is said to have rented an apartment in this house.

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1857 Riverside, today

Address:  1857 Riverside

Built:  1881

Style:  Queen Anne

According to the local newspaper, this house, and its twin next door at 1863 Riverside, were among the city’s first “fashionable” houses to be built. Noted local builder John Crockett began construction on this house in May of 1881 and finished the work during the week of Thanksgiving later that year. A pair of identical houses are depicted in the 1881 Bird’s Eye View of Marinette at the site of 1857 & 1863 Riverside, but these two houses were under construction as the Bird’s Eye View was being created. As such, the small buildings shown on the Bird’s Eye View likely represent the in-process construction of these two houses. Architecturally, the two houses appear to be based on the “Model Gothic Cottage” design in the 1878 pattern book Palliser’s Model Homes. Individual architectural details were copied directly from another pattern book, Woodward’s National Architect of 1869.

The house at 1857 Riverside was built for Charles & Jennie Fairchild.  Charles, born in 1850 in Knightstown, Indiana, came to Marinette in 1863.  He went to work at his brother Addison’s drug store as clerk in 1870 and became a full partner in the “Fairchild Bros” drug store in 1872. The partnership lasted until 1887 when Charles sold his interest in “the drug” and purchased the North Star newspaper. Charles also kept busy with a number of secondary pursuits–he served as town treasurer, was a member of the library board of directors, established Marinette’s first electric-light plant, managed the “Marinette base ball club,” and enjoyed music and bicycling. Charles and Jennie had four children, Edna (b. 1876), Horace (b. 1881, d. 1882), Oakalla (b. 1882), and Willard (b. 1886). The family lived here until late 1896 when they moved to Toledo, Ohio, where Charles was president of the Standard Steel Tube and Forkside Company. The Fairchilds sold the house to Isaac Stephenson who then gave the property to his daughter Ella (see 1851 Riverside above).

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1857 Riverside, in 1898

Ella and William George made use of some of the additional space in their larger home with the birth of their second son, Isaac Stephenson George, in 1899. The larger, wrap-around porch was added around 1905. Ella died in 1908 and, by the time it was sold in 1918, the house had fallen into a state of disrepair.

The third owners of 1857 Riverside were Frank and Bertha Erdlitz. Frank, a former mayor of Menominee, Michigan, was the secretary and treasurer of the Menominee River Brewing Company (Menominee-Marinette Brewing Company after prohibition ended in 1933) and eventually served as president of that enterprise. The move to Marinette may have been spurred by Prohibition taking effect in Michigan a short time before it became law in Wisconsin. Frank Erdlitz also owned the Dunlap Square Building (note the Menominee River Brewing Co. logos in the turret windows of that building) and this house on Riverside may have been advantageous for its proximity to that building.

Frank and Bertha had twelve children.  Helen Erdlitz, the youngest of the twelve, was born in 1909. Following the deaths of her parents in 1935 and 1937, Helen continued to live at 1857 Riverside until 1989.  Additional, in-depth information on this house is available here.

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1863 Riverside, today

Address:  1863 Riverside

Built:  1881

Style:  Queen Anne

This house, built as a near twin of 1857 Riverside, was originally the home of Addison M. Fairchild and Maria E. Fairchild (nee Wright). Addison was born in Newton, Indiana, in 1843.  In 1863 he enlisted with the 75th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, which participated in a number of engagements as well as General Sherman’s March to the Sea, and came to Marinette following his discharge in 1865. He worked as a bookkeeper for the N. Ludington Company until 1868 when he engaged in the drug business with Dr. Hall. He was joined by his brother Charles (see 1857 Riverside) in 1870, and the resulting partnership would last until 1887. Addison continued in the drug business until his death in 1898. In addition to his work as a pharmacist, Addison served for sixteen years as Marinette’s Chief of the Fire Department. Addison was also president of the school board and was Marinette’s first telephone operator (Marinette got its first phones in June of 1881–Addison was the first manager and ran the original telephone exchange out of the pharmacy).

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1863 Riverside, c. 1896 (1857 Riverside in background, at left)

Addison and Maria had three children, Maud (b. 1870, d. 1889), William Richard (b. 1872), and Pauline (b. 1879, d. 1902). Following the death of Maria in 1885, Addison married Phyllis Brown (one of Marinette’s early telephone operators) in 1891, and their son Stafford Brown Fairchild was born in 1895.

Phyllis died unexpectedly in 1899 and the house was sold to Charles S. Brown, a son of notable Marinette lumberman Augustus C. Brown. By 1909 the house was owned by Earl and Myrtle Heath. Earl is best remembered for his proprietorship of the Hotel Marinette, which he sold in 1929. The Heath family altered the home–between 1910 and 1921 the two-story front addition that you see today was constructed. Myrtle continued to live in this house after Earl’s death in 1951.

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1903 Riverside, today

Address: 1903 Riverside

Built: c. 1895

Style: Queen Anne

Although shown on the 1895 Sanborn map for Marinette, 1903 Riverside first appears in the city directory in 1897 with pioneer businessman William S. Baker as its first occupant. William Baker was born in Fort Edward, New York, in 1847, and came to Menominee in 1867. He worked as a bookkeeper for R. Stephenson & Company until 1871, then with Hamilton, Merryman & Company in Marinette until 1874. Following this he commenced his insurance business with which he remained and prospered for over fifty years before his death in 1928. He was also one of the two supervisors of Marinette County when it was first created in 1879 and served in that capacity for a number of years. In 1880 he was elected Marinette Town Chair.

1903 Riverside

1903 Riverside, c. 1900

William Baker married Sarah J. Stephenson, a half-sister of Isaac Stephenson, in 1870. They had four children (Harvey, Fred, Bertha, and E. Judson). Sarah died in 1884 and William married Myrtie Gifford in 1887.

By 1935 Clarence W. Nordin resided here. Born in Marinette in 1889, Clarence attended Marinette schools and, during WWI, served in the Canadian Army. Clarence was an employee of the Michigan Inspection Bureau since 1929.

Sometime between 1941 and 1946 the house became the home of Dr. Harold Stark. Harold was born in 1912 and came to Marinette in 1938 where he practiced dentistry until retiring in 1978. Harold served in the Army in Korea from 1953 to 1955.

This house was originally built with a larger wrap-around front porch. The house was converted into a duplex in the 1930s and the stucco siding was likely added at that time–the original clapboard and shingle siding reportedly remain under the current exterior.  There are five stained glass windows on the first floor (one is curved) and two in the attic.

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1907 Riverside, today

Address:  1907 Riverside

Built:  c. 1901

Style:  Foursquare

An earlier house at this address was once home to William S. Baker. In 1895 William Baker had moved to a new house at 1903 Riverside. The old house at 1907 Riverside was likely replaced around 1901. At this time the city directories list Erastus J. Baker, son of William, as the owner. Erastus engaged in the insurance business with his father until he moved away from the area around 1912.

In 1920 the city directory lists Michael J. Culnan at 1907 Riverside. Michael Culnan was born in Memphis, Michigan, in 1856. By 1870 he began clerking and, in 1886, started a dry goods store in Calumet, Michigan. He came to Marinette in 1897, engaged in similar business, and later was associated with the Skidmore Land Company before associating himself with the Lauerman Brothers Store where he became general superintendent.

Michael Culnan married Catherine Belanger in Detroit in 1884. They had four children (Edgar, John, Ralph, and Catherine). Mrs. Culnan remained in the house for several years after her husband’s death in 1926. Her 1931 obituary notes that she was a “highly cultured woman, devoted to home and family, she led a quiet life at home.”

By 1935 the house had been passed to Alphonse J. DeLeers and would remain his until his death. Alphonse was a prominent businessman who worked for the Lauerman firm for 53 years as a certified public accountant and manager of the credit department until his death in 1966. He was also a founder of the Marinette County Historical Society in 1932, a member of the board of trustees of Marinette General Hospital, president of the Marinette Area Chamber of Commerce, and chairman of the board of directors of Little River Country Club. Alphonse’s wife Gretchen was a member of the Catholic Woman’s Club and of the altar society of Our Lady of Lourdes Church. The couple had four daughters and two sons (one was Rev. Vincent DeLeers, dean of St. Norbert College at DePere).

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1919 Riverside, today

Address:  1919 Riverside

Built:  1885

Style:  Queen Anne

Like the houses of the Fairchild Brothers, this house and the one next to it at 1931 Riverside were built as twins of one another. The two houses were commissioned by Isaac Stephenson as wedding gifts for his two eldest daughters. The architect was J. B. Sweat, of Marquette, Michigan. The house at 1919 retains much of its Queen Anne styling (see also the picture for 1931 Riverside below), but the newer siding and windows are not as ornate as those which were originally installed. The original color scheme in 1885 was pea green and red.

On May 20, 1884, Isaac Stephenson’s second daughter, Maggie, married Joshua Hodgins, a young partner in the Marinette hardware firm of Hodgins, Spicer and Co. Joshua was born in 1856 in Kincardine, Bruce County, Ontario, Canada. He came to Marinette in 1873, working in the tinner’s trade for Watson Brothers until 1881 when he entered Milton College in Milton, Wisconsin. From 1883 until 1887 Joshua engaged in the hardware business in Marinette before moving into the coal business. That coal business would eventually merge into the Standard Oil Company and Joshua would continue with the firm until retiring in 1894. In 1891 he was appointed chief of the Marinette Fire Department.

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1919 Riverside, c. 1900

General Joshua Hodgins also had a distinguished military career with the local National Guard unit. With Colonel W. P. Greene he helped to form Marinette’s Company I in 1884 and served as one of its officers. He was first lieutenant when the company mustered into the Wisconsin National Guard in 1889, a position which he held when the company left for the Spanish American War in 1898. The unit saw active service against Spanish forces in Puerto Rico and during the conflict Joshua was promoted to Captain. He was appointed quartermaster general by Governor La Follette, a position which he would hold for over ten years.

General Hodgins died in 1919, but Maggie remained in the house until her death in 1935. Maggie had been very active in club work. She was a past president of the of the State Federation of Women’s Clubs, chairman of the National Federation of Women’s Clubs house committee, president of the Marinette Women’s Club, and was honorary president of the Marinette County Federation as well as the Marinette County Historical Society. She assisted in the organization of the Marinette County Chapter of the American Red Cross, she was commissioner of the local Girl Scout organization, and she was first vice president of the Civic Music Association.

Over the course of the following ten years no fewer than three other individuals lived here. By 1946 the house was the home of the Staudenmaier family. Louis Staudenmaier became president of the Stephenson National Bank in 1959 and would be succeeded in that post by his daughter Mary in 1979.

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1931 Riverside, today

Address:  1931 Riverside 

Built:  1885, remodel c. 1925

Style:  Tudor Revival

Originally a twin of 1919 Riverside, this house was extensively remodeled, with an exterior makeover in the fashionable Tudor Revival style sometime between 1923 and 1929 that included the addition of the large sun porch. The house was added to the Wisconsin State Register of Historic Places in May of 2015 and to the National Register of Historic Places on October 5, 2015, based on its architectural significance as an excellent local example of the Tudor Revival style. (Fairchild & Flatt did the State & National Register nomination paperwork.)

The eldest daughter of Isaac Stephenson, Mary, was also the first of his daughters to get married. On November 6, 1883, Mary and Harry J. Brown were wed at Isaac Stephenson’s mansion. Following a brief honeymoon the couple returned and supervised the construction of this house.

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1931 Riverside, c. 1885

Mary was born in Marinette in 1862 and, as an adult, was active with her church, the Woman’s club, and the local Girl Scout Council. Harry, born in Racine, Wisconsin, in 1861, began his lifelong banking career in 1877 when he became a clerk at the Stephenson Banking Company in Marinette. This bank was incorporated by Mary’s father, Isaac Stephenson, in 1874 and became the Stephenson National Bank in 1889. Harry went on to become the cashier of the Stephenson National Bank in 1891 and president of the bank in 1920, a position that he would retain until his death. Harry was a director of the Escanaba and Lake Superior Railroad Company, the Stephenson National Bank, and the Marine National Exchange Bank of Milwaukee. Additionally, Harry was a Mason, charter member of Marinette’s Rotary Club, a member of the Marinette Elks lodge, a member of the library board, and a leader in the activities of the local Boy and Girl Scouts. Both Mary and Harry would live in this house continuously from 1885 until their deaths in 1936 and 1938, respectively. Mary and Harry Brown had no children.  Following the tenure of the Browns, the house served as the home of the Henry Campbell family and, later yet, the home of the Chester Stauffacher family.

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1947 Riverside, today

Address:  1947 Riverside

Built:  1959 (education building) & 1967 (church)

Style: Mid-century modern (church)

Organized in 1863, Pioneer Presbyterian was Marinette’s first established church with a permanent pastor. Reverend John Fairchild and his wife Laura Porter Fairchild (nee Bigelow)–Charles & Addison’s parents (1857 Riverside & 1863 Riverside)–moved their family from Wabash, Indiana, to Marinette in May of 1863. A synopsis of the church’s history can be found on the Pioneer Presbyterian website here.

Ike house

1947 Riverside, 1898

Prior to the church relocating to this site, 1947 Riverside was the address of Isaac Stephenson, pioneer lumberman, U.S. Congressman (1883-1889), and U.S. Senator (1907-1915). Born in 1829 in Yorkton, near Fredericton, York County, New Brunswick (Canada), Isaac came to Marinette in 1858. In time he would amass a fortune from his association with the N. Ludington Company. His brick mansion was built from July 1882 to 1883 by Chicago builder William B. McNeil. The mansion, in the Second Empire style, was massive.

1947 Riverside

Delbridge house, 1947 Riverside, courtesy of Pioneer Presbyterian via Guy Rondeau

The mansion was razed by James Delbridge in 1920, reportedly in the wake of a fire.  James, president and general manager of the Marinette & Menominee Paper Co., built a fine brick home on the site. His wife was the founder of the Oconto Falls Woman’s Club and was active in the DAR, the PEO, Eastern Star, and the Needlework Guild. By 1938 Ralph Skidmore had purchased the Delbridge home. In 1904 Ralph Skidmore married Harriet Stephenson, the daughter of Isaac Stephenson and Ike’s second wife, Harriet. Ralph Skidmore formed the Skidmore Abstract and Land Co. in 1910 and worked in that capacity for a quarter-century. He was also the president of the Peshtigo Dairy Co. until that firm was purchased by the Fairmont Co. Like the Stephenson mansion before it, this house was extensively damaged by fire in 1972 and subsequently razed.

Carney Sr House 1902

1961 Riverside, c. 1902

The church sanctuary is situated where the Fred Carney home at 1961 Riverside once stood. Frederick Carney was born around 1836 in New Brunswick, Canada, and went to Maine at the age of 14. In 1855 he was hired on by Daniel Wells Jr. to work the woods on the Escanaba River and came to Marinette in 1856 to erect the mill of the N. Ludington Company, at which time he was, according to his 1899 obituary, earning $18 per month. In 1868 he purchased an interest and became the superintendent and general manager of the H. Witbeck Co., a position which he held until his death in 1899. Fred Carney’s brick home, built by the same William B. McNeil who was to build the Isaac Stephenson mansion, was completed in 1882. Although smaller in scale than Isaac Stephenson’s mansion, this Second Empire style home was, nonetheless, very impressive.

1961 Riverside would remain in the Carney family until the death of Mrs. Elizabeth Carney, Fred’s widow, in 1914. Elizabeth’s obituary notes that she was a woman of strong character, “most kindly in heart, devoted to her family and the cause of charity found in her a liberal response.” By 1920 the house belonged to Charles J. Lauerman who, with his brothers Frank and Joseph, was a member of the Lauerman Brothers Company (a successful department store chain in the early & mid 20th century – note the Lauerman Department Store Building on Dunlap Square in downtown Marinette). Listed as vacant in 1946, the house was razed in 1949.

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1975 Riverside, today

Address:  1975 Riverside

Built:  1910

Style:  Georgian Revival

Architecturally significant, the design of this house is a product of nationally renowned architect George F. Barber of Knoxville, Tennessee. Barber’s late-19th- and early-20th-century residential designs are found across the country thanks primarily to his series of mail-order catalogs. This house is a variant of “Design No. 1” in Barber’s 1901 publication Modern Dwellings: A Book of Practical Designs and Plans for Those Who Wish to Build or Beautify Their Homes (also pictured on the cover of that book). This particular example was built without the larger porch pictured in Barber’s book, but the neoclassical porch on this house is still monumental in scale. Although not yet listed on the National Register of Historic Places, this house is considered eligible for listing.

Lauerman House

1975 Riverside, c. 1910

1975 Riverside was built in 1910 for Joseph and Cecelia Lauerman. Joseph Albert Jacob Lauerman was born in Muscoda, Wisconsin, in 1866. When he was 15 years old he entered the business arena and, at age 23, came to Marinette and opened a store on Main Street. Joseph’s younger brother, Frank, was a silent partner in the venture and provided financial support from Muscoda. The Marinette venture quickly proved to be successful and within two years Frank came to Marinette to work alongside his brother. A few years later brother Charles came to Marinette and also became associated with the Lauerman Brothers Co.

Joseph married Amelia Bezio in 1892, with whom he had two children. Amelia died in 1894. Joseph married Cecelia Kellerman in 1901 and from this union six children were born. Joseph died in 1922, but Cecelia continued to live at 1975 Riverside until her death in 1954. Cecelia was a charter member of the Catholic Woman’s Club, a member of the Lourdes Altar Society, the Lourdes Alumni, and was a Franciscan Tertiary.

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2115 Riverside, today

Address:  2115 Riverside

Built:  c. 1899

Style:  Foursquare

2115 Riverside, an impressive early American foursquare house, first appears in the city directories as the home of Irenus K. Hamilton Jr. in 1899. Irenus Kittredge Hamilton (Senior) was born in 1830 in Lyme, New Hampshire, and came to Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, in 1855 where he and his brother erected a sawmill and engaged in the lumber business for twelve years. In 1868 they sold their interests in the Fond du Lac sawmill and, in connection with Mr. A. C. Merryman, erected a gang and circular mill at Marinette. That mill became a corporation in 1873 under the name of Hamilton & Merryman Company.

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2115 Riverside, c. 1902

I. K. Hamilton Jr., for whom this house was built, went to college and became an “electrician” (electrical engineer in today’s terms). Early in his career he went to work with the Hamilton & Merryman Company, serving as Secretary of that enterprise for a number of years before returning to New England sometime between 1907 and 1909. Once back east, I. K. Hamilton Jr. associated himself with the Automatic Refrigerating Company. By 1917 he was president and treasurer of that company.

As of 1909 this house was the home of George A. Mitcheson (senior, I think, born in 1860). By 1920 he was the president of the Mitcheson Lumber Co. and secretary of the Brown-Mitcheson Lumber Company. His children included a son, George Arthur Mitcheson Jr., who was born in 1895 and served with the ambulance corp in France during WWI. Research on this property is complicated to some degree given that George A. Mitcheson senior shared a name with his son, and this is further complicated by records that show BOTH George Mitchesons (senior and junior) died in 1920.  George A. Mitcheson (junior, as best I can discern) suffered a sunstroke in the summer of 1920 while supervising the construction of a new sawmill. This was reported to be a possible contributing factor in his tragic decision to take his own life the following month, leaving behind a widow and two young children. Nonetheless, George A. Mitcheson Sr.’s widow, Clara, placed blame for the death of her son upon her son’s widow, Dorothy.  This ultimately led to a not-so-private court case in 1935 in which Dorothy unsuccessfully challenged Clara’s will and testament (Clara having died in 1932).  That will reportedly excluded Dorothy and her two children (Clara’s grandchildren) from inheriting a significant portion of the Mitcheson estate.

For a few years following the death of George Mitcheson (junior & senior) this house was the home of Herman G. Weber. By 1926 it was the home of Dr. Theodore R. Michaelis.  Dr. Michaelis was born in 1874 in Shullsburg, Wisconsin, and graduated from the Chicago College of Dental Surgery in 1895. He came to Marinette in 1897 where he practiced dentistry for the next 35 years. He was the owner of the Little River Golf Course and, in addition to many other pursuits, was a charter member and past president of the Marinette Lions Club. Dr. Michaelis died in 1936 and his widow continued to live here for another decade.

By 1949 Mr. Raymond Lauerman called 2115 Riverside his home and would continue to do so until his death in 1989. Raymond Lauerman was the son of Frank and Nell Lauerman. Born in 1896, Raymond served in the U.S. Navy during WWI. He managed the Lauerman Store in Waterloo, Wisconsin, in the late 1920s, returned to Marinette in 1930, and married Neva H. Lange in 1931. Raymond Lauerman was secretary for the Lauerman Bros. Company (and later chairman of the board of that company), vice president of the Madigan-Lauerman Real Estate Co., and co-founder and past president of the Little River Country Club (he headed a group that purchased control of the club from Mrs. Michaelis in 1940), among other pursuits. Raymond and Neva had two children.

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2125 Riverside, today

Address:  2125 Riverside

Built:  1895

Style:  Queen Anne

This house was built in 1895 for Fred Carney Jr., son of prominent lumber industry businessman Fred Carney Sr. (see 1961 Riverside). Fred Carney Jr. was born in Marinette in 1870 and engaged in the lumber business and operated the Twin City Ice Co.

Carney Jr House 1902

2125 Riverside, c. 1902

Fred Carney and his wife Nellie Carroll Carney lived here from 1895 until sometime between 1913 and 1920. By 1920 this was the home of Harry L. Haslanger. Harry Haslanger, a native of South Bend, Indiana, came to Menominee in 1916 and was the manager of the Peninsular Box and Lumber Company and general manager of the Marinette and Menominee Box Company. In 1918 he became a director of the Stephenson National Bank and, in 1927 he became vice president of the bank after selling the box company. Following the death of Harry Brown in 1938 (see 1931 Riverside), Harry Haslanger became the president of the Stephenson National Bank–serving in that capacity (and living at 2125 Riverside) until his death in 1952.

Prior to the construction of this house in 1895, this was the site of Queen Marinette’s house. Built around 1838, Queen Marinette’s house was the first frame dwelling on the Menominee River.

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2141 Riverside, today

Address:  2141 Riverside

Built:  c. 1938

Style:  International Style

The 1933 Chicago World’s Fair included “the Homes of Tomorrow Exhibition”.  Among those who visited this 1933-1934 exhibition was Frank J. Lauerman Jr. Frank’s father, Frank Sr., appreciated the information that his son had acquired  concerning modern architecture and had this house constructed on a small lot along Riverside Avenue.  This house is architecturally significant as Marinette’s only International Style (see also “Bauhaus”) house. The house retains a high degree of architectural integrity and is considered to be eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.

In 1946 this house was the residence of Joseph D. Mackin. Joseph Mackin was the general manager of WMAM Radio and Channel 11 television in Marinette (precursor to today’s WLUK Channel 11 in Green Bay). Joseph Mackin was also a past president of the Marinette Area Chamber of Commerce. Interestingly, Frank Lauerman Sr. was responsible for the construction of the WMAM building, and it is no coincidence that the WMAM building was built in the Art Moderne style (similar to International Style), which is also a rarity in Marinette.

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2153 Riverside, today

Address:  2153 Riverside

Built:  1902

Style:  Georgian Revival

2153 Riverside was built for I. Watson Stephenson, elder son of lumberman Isaac Stephenson (1947 Riverside). Born in 1877, Watson graduated from the Orchard Lake Military Academy in 1897. He was on the staff of Governor Scofield, Governor La Follette, and Governor Davidson, as well as the general manager of the N. Ludington Company and chairman of the Marinette County Drainage board. Watson married Katherine McLaughlin in 1900 and the couple had two children.

Riverside White House

2153 Riverside, c. 1902

Colonel I. Watson Stephenson died in 1910 following a year-and-a-half long struggle with tuberculosis. He had a sun parlor annex built to his Riverside home (the semi-circular room still present) where he spent his final days. Survivors included five sisters, Mrs. Maggie Hodgins (1919 Riverside), Mrs. Mary Brown (1931 Riverside), Mrs. Georgiana Ludington (Chicago, Illinois), Mrs. Earl Morgan (Oshkosh, Wisconsin), and Mrs. Ralph Skidmore (1947 Riverside), and brother Grant Stephenson. Katherine Stephenson, his widow, continued to live here, last listed at this address in the 1935 city directory (at the time of her death in 1958 she resided at 114 Hattie Street).

By 1938 this was the home of Edgar Habighorst, president and resident manager of American Excelsior Co. In 1941 this was the home of Francis Hood, president and founder of the Ansul Chemical company.

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2157 Riverside, today

Address:  2157 Riverside

Built:  1888

Style:  Dutch Colonial Revival

This building was built as the office of the Menominee River Boom Company, of which Isaac Stephenson was the principal owner. This company was responsible for sorting the logs on the river through its river booms (a book on this company is available online here, as well as at the Stephenson Public Libary). By 1897 this building housed the offices of the Marinette Business Men’s Association and the Marinette & Western Railway Co., in addition to the Menominee River Boom Company. In 1899 the office of the Northern Chataqua Assembly was also here. From 1909 until 1922 the building’s only listed occupant was the Menominee River Boom Company; however, it is shown on the 1921 Sanborn map as being used for general storage for the then-nearby M & M Paper Company.

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2157 Riverside, c. 1896

Dan J. Madagin purchased this building, had it moved a short distance further away from the road, and adapted it to become his home. Born in Marinette in 1864, Dan Madagin was the son of Irish immigrants who operated the Marinette House (located on Main Street in way of the present Lauerman building). As a youth Dan took a job at a billiard parlor on Main Street, followed by work in the woods for the lumber companies and, a short time later, owned a restaurant on Dunlap Square. He went on to own a second restaurant, then an interest in a livery business, followed by time spent as a traveling salesman for Lindquist, Westman, and Campbell.  In 1895 Dan Madagin organized a real estate business that evolved into the Madagin and Lauerman real estate firm. In 1914 he incorporated the firm of Duxbury and Madagin. That firm became the Madagin Insurance agency.

Dan Madagin was an alderman and president of the city council (in Marinette) during Mayor W. C. Campbell’s time in office at the turn of the last century. For eight years as a young man he served on the Marinette Fire Department, working with fire chief Addison Fairchild (1863 Riverside). Dan Madagin died at his home in 1946. His wife, who died in 1943, had been a member of Our Lady of Lourdes church, the Altar Society, and the Catholic Woman’s Club.

Erdlitz-Hattie St Bridge

Erdlitz-Hattie Street Bridge, c. 1915

Address:  Corner, Hattie Street & Riverside

Built:  1912 (original)

Style:  Steel Reinforced Concrete (current)

In 1894 a third bridge was built connecting Menominee, Michigan, and Marinette, Wisconsin. That bridge was built above the dam and it was replaced in 1912 with an iron truss bridge at this site, below the dam.  It has been replaced and upgraded a number of times since 1912. Prior to Menominee’s streets being renamed after historically significant numbers, 26th Street bore the name Erdlitz Street in honor of Frank Erdlitz (1857 Riverside). For a time, this bridge was known as the “Erdlitz-Hattie Street Bridge”.

IMG_6209

Marinette Monument, today

Address:  Across from 2125 Riverside

Built:  1940

Style:  Stone monument with metal plaque

During the 1930s and 1940s, newspaper editor Frank E. Noyes erected a number of markers in Marinette and the surrounding communities. Many of the markers pertain to the location of the 45th parallel, but others, like this one, commemorate Marinette’s early history. In 1940 Frank Noyes published a short book about his monuments, called Monuments and Markers, Historical and Geographical, as Erected by Frank E. Noyes, Marinette, Wis., and is available at the Stephenson Public Library.

Queen Marinette home

Queen Marinette (c. 1860) and Her Home (c. 1887)

Frank Noyes was the son of Luther Noyes, editor and proprietor of the Eagle, one of Marinette’s early newspapers. Early in the 20th century Luther Noyes purchased the North Star (see 1857 Riverside), a competing local newspaper, thus creating the Eagle-Star. Today the paper continues as the Eagle-Herald following a merger with Menominee’s Herald-Leader.

This monument commemorates the location of Queen Marinette’s house. Built around 1838 from some of the first lumber milled on the Menominee River, this house was located roughly where the Fred Carney Jr. house at 2125 Riverside now stands.

Marie Antoinette Chevalier, or “Queen” Marinette (a title of respect), was born in 1793. Her mother was the daughter of a Menominee chief and her father was a British trader of French Canadian ancestry. She came to this area around 1823 and operated a successful trading post here at a time when the fur trade dominated and when the local lumber industry was in its infancy. Her life is the subject of a handful of books, the most recent of which is Queen Marinette: Spirit of Survival on the Great Lakes Frontier, by Beverley Hayward Johnson. Queen Marinette is interred in a sarcophagus which may be visited at the Forest Home Mausoleum (2420 Mary Street).

Both this City and County are named in honor of Queen Marinette. It should be noted that, of the over 3,000 counties and county equivalents in this country, only 20 are named after women settlers and women Native Americans.

IMG_6200

Railroad Bridge, today

Address:  Between 1975 & 2115 Riverside

Built:  1872 (original)

Style:  Railroad, Deck Plate Girder Bridge (current)

Train Bridges 1905

Both RR Bridges, c. 1905, from Boom Island  (note Library in background, left of stone bridge pier, above gentleman’s head)

The Chicago and North Western Railroad reached Marinette on December 29, 1871, and northward to Escanaba, Michigan, by December of the following year. The remains of a pier of the adjacent and later Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railroad bridge are still visible here, in-line with the current bicycle path. Both bridges were originally iron truss structures.

The arrival of the railroad brought with it huge change to local business and personal travel. Overland roads were poor, making shipment of heavy commodities difficult, particularly during the winter. Steamboats, which provided a vital transportation link, were not viable during the cold winter months. Trains provided year-round shipment of lumber, sawmill equipment, merchandise, and produce. Trains also made possible regular mail and passenger service. The last passenger train to serve Marinette made its final trip on April 25, 1971.

IMG_6211

Bronze Cannon, today

Address:  Across from 1947 Riverside

Built:  1846 (Springfield, MA) & 1854 (Boston), per stamps on trunnions

Style:  Bronze Signal Cannon

11_02_089

Stephenson Public Library, with two cannon at base of steps (date unknown)

Per a 1902 newspaper article, Congressman Minor (Edward S. Minor) was making an effort to secure a pair of cannon to sit outside the entrance to the new Stephenson Public Library. In 1914 Senator Isaac Stephenson presented two brass cannon to Stephenson Public Library for the adornment of the library lawn. There is some photographic evidence that suggests that these two cannon sat at the base of the library’s front steps facing Dunlap Square. The cannon were moved to their present location (across the street from where Isaac Stephenson’s mansion stood) for unknown reasons at an unknown time. These guns are currently strapped upside-down to their bases–the touch-holes point toward the ground.

It has been said that the residents of Menominee have never invaded Marinette for as long as these guns have stood watch over the river. Despite the intended humor, it should be noted that a boundary dispute between Michigan and Wisconsin over the ownership of islands in the Menominee River was finally settled by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1926. Islands north of Quinnesec Falls (the site of Big Quinnesec Dam) were awarded to Michigan; those south were awarded to Wisconsin.

IMG_6212

Isaac Stephenson monument, today

Address:  Across from 1931 Riverside

Built:  1922

Style:  Monument to Isaac Stephenson

sculptor brochure

Nellie Verne Walker brochure, c. 1925

From this location, the statue of Isaac Stephenson could keep an eye on his daughters at 1919 and 1931 Riverside (and, years later, also at 1947 Riverside). This statue was unveiled and dedicated in June of 1922, a little over four years after the death of Isaac Stephenson. The artist was noted American sculptor Nellie Verne Walker.

Stephenson Island, just behind and slightly downriver of this statue, was the site of the Isaac Stephenson mill. Stephenson Street, the Stephenson Public Library, Stephenson National Bank & Trust, and Stephenson, Michigan, are all named in his honor.

Library c 1905

Stephenson Public Library, c. 1905

Address:  1700 Hall Avenue

Built:  1903

Style:  Neoclassical

The library, funded largely through a $30,000 gift from Isaac Stephenson, opened in 1903. Architects were Normand Patton and Grant Miller of Chicago, Illinois. Large additions to the back of the library were made in 1977 and again in 2007.

IMG_6337[1]

1821 Riverside, today

Address:  1821 Riverside

Built:  1969

Style:  Brutalist, with recent postmodern window inserts

A hallmark of brutalist architecture, popular from the 1950s through the mid-1970s, is the use of unfinished concrete, with repetious modular elements that define zones of the building. The name derives from the French term for “raw concrete” (béton brut), not from the English word “brutal”.

Construction on the Riverfront Inn hotel began in 1969. Originally a Holiday Inn, the hotel became a part of Best Western International in 1989. In recent years the original windows and surrounds have been replaced (they are modular; each window and surround unit constitutes an entire exterior wall in any given hotel room), but a section of the original windows and surrounds can still be found on the back-side of the building, above the enclosed swimming pool.

Hotel Marinette 1896 to 1898 cropped

Hotel Marinette, c. 1896 (note awning of A. M. Fairchild, 1863 Riverside)

The corner of Riverside Avenue and Hall Avenue, now a parking lot for the Riverfront Inn, has long been associated with hotels. This was the site of the Dunlap House, built in 1867 and expanded after the railroad arrived in 1871. The Dunlap House was replaced by the Hotel Marinette, completed in 1895. Both hotels were considered the most luxurious available north of Green Bay when they were built.

The Hotel Marinette was demolished in 1967 following negotiations between the Marinette Downtown Development Corp. and Allen and O’Hara, Inc. The fine houses at 1833 and 1839 Riverside (see 1905 photo below) were also demolished to make way for the new hotel, and the venerable house at 1845 Riverside was moved to Hannah Street.

Miscellaneous Views

riversidemedium

Panorama of Riverside, c. 1900

Riverside 1887

Riverside, c. 1887. 1863 Riverside (striped roof) at left.

Riverside c. 1905

Riverside, c. 1905, 1839 Riverside (white foursquare) at left

Riverside 1912

Riverside, March of 1912 (1857 Riverside at left)

Riverside 1881 from west

Riverside, just upriver of Hattie Street, looking downriver, c. 1881

Riverside road view

Post Card, c. 1910, looking towards Dunlap Square, near railroad tracks

Riverside Postcard 1915

Post Card, c. 1915, looking upriver

Riverside postcard 1915 color

Colorized Post Card, c. 1925, but same photo as previous card

Riverside postcard at Carney Sr

Post Card, c. 1920, looking downriver. Fred Carney Sr. house at right.

Riverside post card buggy

Post Card, c. 1905, looking upriver. Isaac Stephenson mansion porch steps at far left.

Riverside from train bridge 1909

Post Card, c. 1909, from railroad bridge

2115 Riverside postcard

Post Card, c. 1907, looking upriver. 2115 Riverside at far left.

Riverside upriver 1913

Post Card, c. 1913, looking upriver. 1833 Riverside at far left.

Riverside postcard 1920ish

Post Card, c. 1920. White porch of 1833 Riverside at far left.

Riverside hotel library

Post Card, c. 1915, looking upriver. Hotel at left, library at right.

Lovers Lane 1905

Post Card, c. 1905, looking upriver towards “Lovers’ Lane”.  Hotel at left, library at right. Courtesy of John Jacques, Green Bay

Riverside c 1905 island

Post Card, c. 1905, looking downriver to Stephenson Island

Birds Eye 1881 006

1881 Birds Eye, East Marinette

Birds Eye 1881 005

1881 Birds Eye, West Marinette

Notes on sources:

Much of the information here is gleaned from obituaries, Polk city directories, Sanborn maps, and published histories of Marinette. Special thanks go to Mr. Robert G. Shaw (local historian & friend), the Stephenson Public Library, and the Marinette County Historical Society. Because of the nature of American society in the late nineteenth through mid-twentieth century, obituaries of the women who lived on Riverside Avenue often do not emphasize their specific contributions to the development of the community. If you would like specific source information or if you know of additional information pertaining to what has been written here, please contact us.

The preceding History of Riverside Avenue was written by Wm. Jason Flatt, P.E., and is protected under copyright law (copyright 2015).

6 thoughts on “A Brief History of Riverside Avenue

  1. I grew up visiting my Grandparents, Hilde and Louie Staudenmaier, at 1919 Riverside, and still have great affection for the house and Riverside drive. It was such a treat to read all of this history of the street, especially the photos!

    Like

  2. Thank you for sharing. I greatly enjoyed the historical significance of the article. It is so important that we keep history alive.

    Like

  3. What a wonderful History of Riverside Ave. I was born in 1933 and lived in Marinette for 18 years. I have great memories of Riverside Ave. and all of the great homes. When I was about 6-7 years old I would walk from our home on Hannah Street using Riverside Ave. to go to my Grandfather Demers home in Menominee.
    Ed Manske
    Palm Springs, Ca.

    Like

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